Ottomans Empire Facts for Kids

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Ottoman Empire Turks

It is believed that the Turkish people had originally settled in the regions like Central Asia, Siberia and China. They had slowly moved away from the place of their origin and settled in different parts of the world.

The Ottoman Turks were introduced to the West for the very first time some time around 1227. It was during this time that the Turks had migrated into the Seljuk Empire in the Anatolia region. During the rule of Seljuk, small Muslim emirates of Turkic origin known as Beyliks protected the boundaries of the Seljuk's Empire with the Byzantines.

The defeat of Byzantine by Seljuk at the Battle of Manzikert, gave Beyliks an opportunity to become an independent state. After the death of Seljuk Sultanate of Rum in the 14th century, the Turkish Anatolia was divided into independent states, known as Ghazi emirates. The Byzantine Empire had weekened by 1300. It had lost a major portion of its Anatolia provinces to the Ghazi principalities.

Ertrugrul led one of the Beylik principalities. After his death in 1281, his son Osman I succeeded him, who declared himself as Sultan and established the Ottoman dynasty in 1299. The rule of the dynasty lasted for six centuries.

Within the first few years of establishing the rule, the Turkish Empire emerged as a powerful Empire. The Young Turkish Revolution began in 1908. It marked the period of the dissolution of the long-lasted Ottoman Empire. The period between 1908-1922 was known as the Young Turks Movement. The Young Turk government in 1914 had signed a secret treaty by virtue of which the Ottoman- German Alliance was formed.

However, after the defeat of its allies in the First World War, the whole of the Otttoman Empire was further divided into several independent states by the Treaty of Sevres. The Turkish Nationalists won the Turkish war of independence that was fought between 1919-1922 under the able leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha. The victory of the Turkish Nationalists ended the reign of the Ottoman Turks.

The language spoken during the Ottoman Empire rule was Turkish. There were three prominent languages spoken in the Ottoman Empire. The first was Turkish. It was widely spoken. The second was Persian and the last one was Arabic. However, Turkish was the official language.

Millets or the religious groups formed an essential part of the Ottoman social structure. These groups were responsible for holding the people together as the population of the Empire comprised of people following varied religions and cultures. The millets which established by having their own religious laws, traditions and language were protected by the sultan.

This site covers all areas Ottoman Empire History Facts. Besides the popular Ottoman topics like rise and fall, leaders, society, economy, Inventions, Religion, it also covers several other areas like comparison with other empires.

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