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Ottoman Empire and Palestine

The term 'Palestine' has been derived from an ancient word which meant 'Land of the Philistines'. During the early years Palestine was of the many names by which the area between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River were known.

In 1516 Palestine was invaded and it remained a part of the Ottoman Empire until the First World War. In 1517 the Ottomans had succeeded in removing the Mameluks out of Palestine. After the absorbtion of Palestine into the Ottoman Empire, it was divided into numerous districts. After the capture of Palestine by the Ottomans, the name 'Palestine' was no longer used. It was however called by the European countries as the Holy Land.

There are references in the 16th and 17th century of the usage of the word Palestine. In 1537, Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificient rebuilt city walls and other public works in Jerusalem. Napoleon had declared a war against the Ottomans and had succeeded in invading and capturing cities in Palestine. In 1799, at the Siege of Acre Napoleon announced the establishment of an Israelite state in the area of Palestine. However, in 1801 Napoleon and his the French army were defeated and driven out of Palestine.

Ottomans had ruled Palestine for a long period of around four hundred years. But Palestine was under the control of Muhammad Ali, an Egyptian ruler from 1832- 1840. The Ottomans were able to reclaim their lost territories with the help of the British and the Russian troops. In 1873, Palestine was divided into three administrative units. In the late 1800's after the Ottoman military restored peace and order in eastern Jordan, many people migrated here.

A Transjordanian emirate was created in 1921-1922 and most of the immigrants settled in the hamlet of Amman. The First Aliyah or the Zionist immigration took place between 1881-1903. Jews in large numbers moved to Palestine, the majority whom came from Eastern Europe and Yemen. The Second Aliyah took place from 1904-1914. During this migration Jews came from Russia, Poland and Yemen.

In the early 19th century, Ottomans settled several Circassians and Bosnian Muslims in the northern Palestine. After the First World War, the rule of the Ottoman Empire which had ruled for six centuries came to end owing to internal and external factors. Palestine was placed under the British mandate after the World war ended.

This site covers all areas Ottoman Empire History Facts. Besides the popular Ottoman topics like rise and fall, leaders, society, economy, Inventions, Religion, it also covers several other areas like comparison with other empires.

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