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End of Ottoman Empire Decline of Ottoman Empire

The revolts and the stagnation period during the Ottoman reign laid the foundation of the decline and eventual death of the long-lasting Ottoman rule. During the stagnation period, there was economic and political unrest in the Ottoman Empire. The expansion of the Ottomans into Europe was restricted by the Battle of Vienna in 1683. It was a set-back for the Ottomans. Internal and external factors were responsible for the down-fall of the Ottoman Empire.

A major reason that led to the decline of the Ottoman rule was the death of Suleiman. After his death, the Empire suffered at the hands of increasing corruption. The Ottomans struggled to keep a control over the vast Empire. After Suleiman's demise, the Ottoman army was unable to invade new lands and expand the territory of the Empire, which affected their economy.

Another internal problem before the Ottomans after the death of Suleiman was that the Janissaries had started demanding more pay. They began to accumulate wealth and power. In 1826, they were disbanded by Mahmud II.

External factors too led to the fall of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottomans had a monopoly on trade with the East. The Europeans were forced to search for new sea routes to reach Asia. The Portuguese had discovered new spice route around Africa to India. The Spanish Empire brought large quantities of gold and silver to Europe, resulting in inflation and other economic troubles for the Empire.

The Ottoman military faced problems due to lack technological upgradation. The Industrial Revolution brought changes in technology which was used by counties like England to fight wars. The Ottomans did not have a social structure to adjust to the free-market capitalism vital to build factories, had shortage of crucial supplies of coal and other necessary commodities, leading to the gradual decline.

In the Battle of Lepanto in 1571, Turkey was defeated by Spanish and Venetians troops. The Russo-Turkish wars during the 18th century further deepened the problems and by 19th century, Turkey was termed as the Sick Man of Europe. The Arab revolt played a major role in the decline of the Empire. The Treaty of Sevres brought an end to the Ottoman dynasty.

Turkey was divided into independent states after the victory of Turkish Nationalists led by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk during the post the World War I period. Thus, the existence of the Empire came to an end.

This site covers all areas Ottoman Empire History Facts. Besides the popular Ottoman topics like rise and fall, leaders, society, economy, Inventions, Religion, it also covers several other areas like comparison with other empires.

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